Sessions at EuroPython 2011 about Python on Friday 24th June

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  • Analytics and Machine learning for the web

    by Victor Miclovich

    Everyday we enjoy great experiences when we access websites that help the user in every aspect of interaction. Some web users prefer to get recommendations, suggestions and much faster contextual searches when they access a website or web application. This track talk shows you some great techniques that can be used to better improve website usability and will also include a demonstration with Django.

    The goal of this talk is to encourage many web masters, developers or engineers to use the best in analytics that Python has to offer (i.e. NLTK, numpy, scipy, etc.) The richness of python in this area is one no other language can compete with.

    Prerequisites to this track talk are knowledge of functional programming in Python, some mathematical concepts (graph theory, statistics) and basic understanding of OOP.

    At 9:00am to 1:00pm, Friday 24th June

  • Developing Desktop and mobile apps with PySide and QML

    by Thomas Perl

    PySide offers Python bindings to the Qt libraries. This allows rapid development of great UI-based Python applications. With the addition of QML in Qt 4.7, this now gives developers a chance to develop touch-based, rich applications directly with Python. This talk introduces PySide development, combined with QML, and shows some real-world examples of mobile PySide applications.

    This talk is based on my PySide/QML on MeeGo tutorials (from http://thp.io/2010/meego-python/), and shows some of the possibilities. It is aimed at Python developers looking for a GUI toolkit to create fluent, hardware-accelerated cross-platform UIs using QML.

    At 9:00am to 1:00pm, Friday 24th June

  • Python Design Patterns

    by Alex Martelli

    A completely misguided meme has long been going around: that Python doesn't have, or need, any Design Patterns. This terrible meme may spring from not realizing what the Gang Of Four state so plainly in their historical "Design Patterns" book: which design patterns are useful DOES depend on the programming language one targets -- design is NOT independent of implementation, as the epic-fail "Waterfall" Methodology Pattern would suggest. What patterns apply to a design, depends to some extent on what implementation technologies will be used to realize that design.

    If you focus on some "classic DPs" that are basically workarounds for some other language's lack of garbage collection, or for a clumsy static-typing system, those may indeed be worthless for Python. But many other DPs are perfectly useful and applicable, and Python's strengths as a language afford riffing on them to develop highly Pythonic, powerful, productive variants.

    In this talk, I analyze some of my favorite pattern families -- e.g., Template Method and its variants, Dependency Injection and its ilk, Callback and friends -- in a highly Pythonic context. Non-pattern Idioms, and Patterns that aren't really Design Patterns but rather Architecture or Methodology ones, make cameo appearances.

    Goals: remove from your system any residue of the pernicious meme about Python not having or needing design patterns. Prereqs: experience designing and developing software; intermediate-level Python knowledge.

    At 9:00am to 10:30am, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Python MapReduce Programming with Pydoop

    by Simone Leo

    Hadoop is the leading open source implementation of MapReduce,
    Google's large scale distributed computing paradigm. Hadoop's native
    API is in Java, and its built-in options for Python programming --
    Streaming and Jython -- have several drawbacks: the former allows to
    access only a small subset of Hadoop's features, while the latter
    carries with it all of the limitations of Jython with respect to
    CPython.

    Pydoop (http://pydoop.sourceforge.net) is an API for Hadoop that makes
    most of its features available to Python programmers while allowing
    CPython development. Its core consists of Boost.Python wrappers for
    Hadoop's C/C++ interface.

    The talk consists of a MapReduce/Hadoop tutorial and a presentation of
    the Pydoop API, with the main goal of bridging the gap between the
    Hadoop and Python communities. A basic knowledge of distributed
    programming is helpful but not strictly required.

    At 9:00am to 10:30am, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Social Network Analysis con Python

    by Enrico Franchi

    La popolarità dell'analisi dei network è cresciuta molto con la recente diffusione dei social network. Si tratta di un argomento multidisciplinare, con importanti contributi dai ricercatori di svariate aree come fisica, sociologia, matematica ed informatica

    Tuttavia, l'analisi dei network è anche uno strumento utile per i programmatori. Le tecniche base che saranno introdotte in questo talk possono infatti essere usate ad esempio per i) testare la robustezza e la resistenza ai fallimenti di un network, e ii) comprendere a fondo la struttura di un social network, cosa che può portare ad intuizioni su mode e trend a partire dai moderni servizi di networking.

    Insieme a questi concetti, sarà mostrato del codice Python che sfrutterà sia dei tool esistenti per l'analisi dei network che dei package di calcolo numerico. L'attenzione sarà principalmente sul codice, mostrato e discusso insieme alla teoria su cui è basato.

    Gli unici prerequisiti consigliati per seguire questo talk sono delle abilità matematiche di base e la conoscenza a livello introduttivo del linguaggio di programmazione Python.

    At 9:00am to 10:30am, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • The development process of Python

    by Ezio Melotti

    Python is an open source language, where everyone can contribute, and thanks to Mercurial now it's even easier.

    With this talk I want to unveil what happens "behind the scenes" of CPython and how you can get involved and be part of the open source community that allows Python to be one of the most popular programming languages.

    I will explain:
    * what is the workflow of the CPython development;
    * how to get a clone of Python;
    * how to use Mercurial to do all the most common operations;
    * what is the structure of the main CPython repository;
    * what other are repositories are used;
    * how to use the bug tracker to report and find bugs;
    * how to use remote Mercurial repos to contribute code;
    * what tools are used;
    * how to get in touch with the core developers;
    * what are the plans for the future;

    At 9:00am to 10:30am, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Using Storm to work with SQL databases

    by Jamu Kakar

    Storm is an object relational mapper for SQL databases, with builtin support for PostgreSQL, MySQL and SQLite. It was designed and implemented as part of the Landscape project at Canonical in mid-2006 and was open sourced in mid-2007. Since then it's been used in a variety of projects, in production for many years, and has received numerous enhancements and bug fixes. The features of Storm will be explained with a series of examples and with discussion about what's happening in each one. In addition to describing the concepts and features that a developer needs to understand, a variety of best practices will be shared, to help developers make the best use of Storm.

    The examples in this talk assume that participants have a good understanding of SQL, transactions, relationships between tables and other common database concepts.

    At 9:00am to 10:30am, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • A Visual Interactive Programming Environment

    by Geoffrey French

    The Larch Environment is a visual interactive programming environment for Jython/Python. Its purpose is to make programming more visual. To this end, protocols for presenting objects visually have been devised. A programming environment, that builds on the idea of the standard visual console, allows a programmer to experiment with ideas, and develop programs at the same time. Additionally, a way of embellishing source code with visual content is presented.

    At 11:15am to 12:15pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Advanced Pickling with Stackless Python and sPickle

    by Anselm Kruis

    Stackless Python supports pickling of a wider range of types than conventional C-Python, including stack frames and code objects. On this basis it is possible to extend further the pickle.Pickler class in order to serialise classes, modules, packages up to certain limits. The sPickle package (http://pypi.python.org/pypi/sPickle) provides such an extended Pickler. The code was developed as part of a commercial project and recently released as free software by science + computing ag. Currently it requires Stackless Python 2.7.

    In my presentation, I'll first demonstrate some applications of the sPickle package including serialisation of modules and executing parts of a program on a remote computer using RPyC and Paramiko.

    In the second part of my speech, I'll give some insight in the internal operations of sPickle and the lessons learned during its development. Extending the Pickler showed to be like opening a can of worms. You have take care of many odds and ends to get it right. I'll point out some weak points in the implementation of the conventional pickling code and I'll also show the limits of the current sPickle implementation.

    At 11:15am to 12:15pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Generazione di codice in Python : dal documento al codice C++ passando per la modellizzazione UML.

    by Francesco Bochicchio

    Intendo presentare un programma di utilità che ho sviluppato per aiutare me e i miei colleghi nel nostro attuale progetto.
    Questo programma esegue le seguenti attività:
    - Analizza un documento Microsoft Word - generato automaticamente - allo scopo di estrarne le informazioni relative alle strutture dati da usare per comunicare con dispositivi e/o programmi software. Tali informazioni sono memorizzate in un modello UML, generato interfacciandosi con il CASE tool usato in azienda (Rational Rose).
    - Utilizza i dati in un modello UML - di solito una versione migliorata a mano di quello generato automaticamente - per generare un set di classi C++, una per messaggio, che forniscono i metodi per serializzare/deserializzare i messaggi usando le API specifiche del progetto.
    Il programma è stato scritto in Python 2.x ed utilizza i seguenti moduli esterni:
    - pywin32: per interfacciare sia MS Word che il tool CASE usando lo standard COM.
    - ply : per analizzare il file in cui il tool CASE memorizza il modello,

    At 11:15am to 12:15pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Implementing distributed applications using ZeroMQ, Python and other bad guys...

    by Francesco Crippa

    Cloud Computing and Large Scale environments require sometime applications based on complex and distributed architectures... and this usually means a huge overhead in the design and confusion out of control in the code (network wise race conditions, single points of failure and so on)

    Introducing elements like *MQ and IPC frameworks in this kind of applications is the only way to reduce the complexity and enable a fluid design (in other words: mess-under-control)

    The talk is focused on describing how to design a distributed application in different scenarios, using ZeroMQ (a modern broker-less MQ system) as core framework, with examples and demos.

    At 11:15am to 12:15pm, Friday 24th June

  • Dependency injection is your friend

    by Alan Franzoni

    Dependency injection is a technique that has been around since long, and it's
    widely used in many programming languages and environments, but it's not that
    widespread in the Python world.

    Many think that using dependency injection will force writing large-and-complex
    xml blobs, break encapsulation, or reduce code readability, or just that it's
    unneeded in an highly expressive language like Python is.

    On the contrary, I'll show you that DI:
    - doesn't require any library or framework;
    - encourages peer role identification;
    - helps keeping a class focused and cohesive;
    - encourages separation between wiring from applicative code;
    - makes your code more reusable, expressive and testable;
    - doesn't break encapsulation;
    - turns part of your coding efforts into configuration

    Large applications, by the way, might just get a great maintenance boost by
    using a real DI container, hence I'll briefly cover Pydenji, the Python(ic)
    dependency injection toolkit, and what it can do for your application.

    A basic knowledge of object oriented design and SOLID principles is required in order
    to fully appreciate the content of this talk.

    At 12:15pm to 1:15pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Source code processing with Python

    by Kay Schluehr

    Folklore says that having a problem and trying to solve it with regular expressions gives you two problems. However not applying regular expressions to advanced textual search'n replace doesn't solve your problem either. One step above you have large portions of recursively structured text aka "source code" and using context free grammars and tools supporting them gives you two problems but not using them also doesn't solve your original problem. Maybe you get uneasy at that point because what I say implies parsers and computing science and what not and you still wake up in the night believing that you have to learn automata theory but you are lucky it was just a nightmare. Otherwise you are laughing about the little diatribe against regexps and use them without much deliberation, verifying your SQL input, mining source code and do all the other things they are not made for.

    In my talk I'm addressing daily use of grammars outside of the scope of compiler implementation or natural language processing. My talk covers:

    • Search & Replace using grammars
    • CodeTemplates for source code transformation
    • Generative grammars for expression generation

    I'm touching this from the lightweight, "pythonic" angle and you might wonder why not everyone uses those techniques already for decades in their daily work. I can't answer this, I wonder about this too.

    At 12:15pm to 1:15pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Building a Scientific Software Application with the Enthought Tool Suite

    by Mark Dickinson

    The Enthought Tool Suite (ETS) is a collection of Python-based open source components that form a foundation for nearly every application that we deliver to our customers. In this talk I'll demonstrate how to use ETS to rapidly develop an example scientific software application. We'll concentrate particularly on introducing Traits, Traits UI, and the Chaco and Mayavi visualisation tools.

    Prerequisites: some previous experience of working with Python and NumPy / SciPy is recommended.

    At 2:30pm to 6:30pm, Friday 24th June

  • Derivatives Analytics with Python & Numpy

    by Yves Hilpisch

    In financial engineering and derivatives analytics, C/C++/Java/VBA and other languages are still dominating. Visixion has developed with DEXISION (http://www.dexision.com) the first full fledged derivatives analytics suite with Python as core language.

    DEXISION is an On Demand application that is completely Open Source based (LAMP). For derivatives valuation, it uses Monte Carlo simulation -- an approach known to be computationally demanding. However, Numpy provides the performance and functionality needed to implement financial simulation algorithms in a fast and compact manner.

    The talk illustrates the architecture of our analytics suite and demonstrates how to implement fast and compact simulation algorithms with Python and Numpy. The talk shows that the Python/Numpy combination reaches sufficient speed for productive financial applications -- something still widely doubted.

    [No prerequisites.]

    At 2:30pm to 3:30pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Flow-based programming made easy with PyF 2.0

    by Jonathan Schemoul

    PyF is a python framework to ease flow based programming and allow massive data crunching on multiple CPUs. We boast an optional web-based interface to visually design processing tubes, batch scheduling, report generation and email alerts.

    The Framework is easily extensible by writing plugins, a lot of features like data persistence, reporting and web scrapping are already part of the ecosystem.

    This presentation will focus on an introduction to PyF architecture and higher-level designer ui use and how it could be useful to you.

    If available, an additional training session will focus on working with the framework to create your own flow-based processes and plugins.

    For more information: http://www.pyfproject.org/

    At 2:30pm to 6:30pm, Friday 24th June

  • Making CPython Fast Using Trace-based Optimisations

    by Mark Shannon

    CPython can be made faster by implementing the sort of
    optimizations used in the PyPy VM, and in my HotPy VM.
    All the necessary changes can be made without modifying the language or the API.

    The CPython VM can be modified to support optimizations by adding
    an effective garbage collector and by separating the
    virtual-machine state from the real-machine state (like Stackless).

    Optimizations can be implemented incrementally.
    Since almost all of the optimizations are implemented in the interpreter,
    all hardware platforms can benefit.
    JIT compiler(s) can then be added for common platforms (intel, ARM, etc.).

    For more information see http://hotpy.blogspot.com/

    At 2:30pm to 3:30pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • The Art of Subclassing

    by Raymond Hettinger

    All problems have simple, easy-to-understand, logical wrong answers.
    Subclassing in Python is no exception. Avoid the common pitfalls
    and learn everything you need to know about how subclass in Python.

    • Overriding and extending
    • Calling your parents
    • The ellipse / circle problem -- what does a subclass mean?
    • Liskov Substitution Principle
    • Open Closed Principle
    • The facts of life when subclassing builtin types
    • How to Implement Cooperative Multiple Inheritance
    • A example of perfect and simple python diamond
    • Beware the Concrete C API

    At 2:30pm to 3:30pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • An iPhone-Python love affair: Building APIs for mobile

    by Anna Callahan and Nate Aune

    Mobile apps are the hot item of the day -- and the best mobile apps are backed by a great website. Python web developer Nate Aune and iPhone developer Anna Callahan will show you how we built a simple music web app in Django with a native iPhone app that communicates with it. Attendees of this talk will see a concrete case study of building an application that exposes an API for mobile devices.

    Our web app exposes a JSON API for sending and receiving data from the mobile device. We’ll talk about why we chose Django and the TastyPie API package, and discuss other Python-based frameworks that could be used to build the API such as Pyramid, Flask and Bottle. We’ll also compare REST and custom APIs to understand best practices for building APIs designed for mobile devices.

    At 3:30pm to 4:30pm, Friday 24th June

  • Healthcare process management in Python: a use case

    by Federico Caboni

    In this talk I'll describe our successful experience in introducing Python
    into a system for blood collection tube labeling in laboratory and hospital
    environments, based on IHE Technical Frameworks –the industry standard
    for modeling and streamlining healthcare processes– and designed to avoid
    human errors and ensure process traceability.

    During the talk I will explain why we chose Python in the first place,
    how we've been able to leverage the language's features and
    characteristics for our specific field and what problems and limitations
    we faced.

    I will show specific instances -showing code examples too– of Python
    usage in different parts of the project, including a low-level driver
    for laboratory automation machinery, an asynchronous messaging module,
    the implementation of IHE-compliant actors and the inevitable end-user
    web application, implemented with Django.

    Using Python greatly helped us in building our system, allowing
    very rapid prototyping cycles for both hardware and software, but during
    the talk I'll also point out what we found was missing, and what
    would be nice to have to ensure Python has its proper place as a viable
    platform for designing streamlined healthcare workflows
    based on established international standards.

    At 3:30pm to 4:30pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • Meteorology, Climate and Python: desperately trying to forget technical details

    by Claude Gilbert

    Contents
    ======

    Python is a great language for writing programming frameworks. Python frameworks are normally addressed to software developers who are Python professionals. I developed a software package in a scientific institution, designed to be used by non-programmers, but also designed to enable customisation through programming by some users. I finally designed a three level package:

    • A Python programming framework, addressed whoever wanted to invest in Python and had plans to develop applications.
    • An application built on that framework with an interface designed for non-programmers.
    • Ways of customising the behaviour of the application by providing some basic Python functions or more elaborated code.

    One of the challenges was to offer an application with an easy to use interface, not graphical, not web-based and not requiring Python programming. This interface was necessary for batch processing.

    This talk addresses how this project was carried out, the technical solutions adopted and how Python was introduced in an operational scientific institution (http://www.ecmwf.int) where most users were Fortran programmers. Python was introduced as early as 2004 and it was a challenge to gain acceptance. I will also make a parallel with a project I am currently working on for NASA (http://gmao.gsfc.nasa.gov/).
    *Desperately trying to forget technical details* summarises how I tried, using Python, to help Meteorology scientists to focus on their domain of expertise instead of constantly solving technical problems.

    Background:
    ========

    The disciplines of Meteorology and Climate involve numerical modelling of physical phenomena. The amount of data going in and out of the model is considerable. The organisation and the storage of data is complicated, their post-processing is a challenge. Scientists need to access and process input and output data to monitor the trends of the input data and to evaluate the performance of their models. Those statistics, diagnostics, plots and verifications are crucial to the improvement of the quality of the models. Finding the right data, decoding it, transforming it to be ready for use are necessary steps to initiate the pre-processing. All these actions are fundamentally the same between different prediction centres, but the data organisation and file formats can differ.

    At 3:30pm to 4:30pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video

  • The London Python Code Dojo - an Education in Developer Education

    by Nicholas Tollervey

    The London Python Code Dojo is a community organised monthly meeting for Python programmers in the UK. Variously described as social coding, developer training, "Scrapheap Challenge" for Pythonistas and "I didn't learn coding like this when I was a lad", we've forked the traditional code-dojo format and turned it into something very different.

    This talk will explain and explore what happens in the dojo, how it's organised and why various changes were made to the classic dojo format. Reference will also be made to influences from music education and philosophy of education.

    Hopefully, by the end of the talk you'll all want to go organise a dojo!

    At 3:30pm to 4:30pm, Friday 24th June

    Coverage video