While it seems obvious that the Open Society is a good thing, the last ten years have seen a radical retrenching of the idea, driven by concerns about global terrorism and so on. The Patriot Act, which few politicians actually read, is still in place. After a flowering of open standards and open source, driving new business models and economies, we're now seeing a closing down of "intellectual property" and associated opportunity by non-state actors with no clear mandate for the change- see the EU's kowtowing to ACTA, for example, or the absurdly named Digital Economy Act. In the UK libel law is used to Open works- but it's up to us to make the case why and how. It's time for Open businesses and academia to work together to make the case in terms of economics, job creation and politics, both local and central. Meanwhile the walled gardens are winning- guys that used to be Open Web bigots run around pimping their iPhone apps. How can HTML help us break the web open again?
Open source is more than just a licence, it is also a software development methodology that allows companies to share resources and collaborate on critical parts of their software/service offerings.
Open innovation means combining internal and external ideas, and internal and external paths to market, to advance a company's technology. The parallels should be obvious, yet people don't always think as open source as an enabler for open innovation. Open source, if done right, brings many external eyeballs and fast feedback to the software development process.
We will show how those eyeballs and feedback can make a huge difference in a company's potential for innovation, and as a result provide compelling arguments for moving large parts of your software development efforts to open source, as Day Software (now part of Adobe) started doing a few years ago.
by Maha Shaikh
In this session, Maha will dispel a few common myths about the procurement of open source solutions and will help attendees gain a clearer understanding of the issues involved when adopting open source, especially in the public sector. Contrary to what is sometimes assumed, open source is not free of costs. The open nature of open source projects, whereby anyone can contribute or take the code and start their own fork, introduces competition which can drive down prices. On the other hand the costs involved with migrating to a completely different alternative open source solution can be high. Maha will clarify the different lock-in possible with open source solutions, and how open source and its costs are evaluated differently from closed source. The evaluation process for an open source solution necessitates a clearer understanding of the various benefits and challenges involved in order to keep expectations healthy and the procurement/implementation process sustainable.
by Nick Allott
There are a number of unique barriers to open innovation in the mobile space. in the case of mobile phones and network connected devices the operators have significant influence over what is or is not possible using their networks. Similarly, device manufacturers can exert significant control over what applications can be deployed using their application distribution platforms. Hardware manufactures need to align software development with hardware design and manufacturing schedules. While app developers are unable to utilise a standard mechanism for accessing the hardware on different platforms and are further limited in the kinds of licences they can include in their software due to restrictions imposed by the distribution mechanisms available to them.
This session will look at some of these issues and examine ways in which these barriers might be removed as our love affair with all things portable computing.
by Ross Gardler
In 1999 Ian Murdock wrote "Commoditization is something that happens to every successful industry eventually - success attracts attention, and there is always a competitor willing to offer a lower price to compensate for a lesser known brand or 'good enough' quality, as well as customers to whom price means more than brand, quality, or anything else the high end providers have to offer them." Ian went on to argue that "the open source movement is just another commoditization event." Now, over a decade later we can look back at history and say Ian was right.
In this session Ross Gardler looks at how open source allows new, sometimes small, companies to disrpupt existing markets and carve themselves a niche. Having established a foothold open source can enable a rapid cycle of innovation that enables the new companies to outmaneuver their competitors. We will also look at what actions existing market leaders can take to prevent the erosion of their market.
by Neil Williams
Open development processes and the open innovation that they enable are spreading into areas other than software.In recent years the open hardware movement has gathered speed and is attracting the attention of commercial participants.
Commercial engagement with open source and open hardware involves contribution and collaboration in some areas, while still retaining a competitive advantage. For example, organisations may choose to keep some IP closed, or they may focus on developing superior services around open IP. This talk explains how Toby Churchill manage to integrate design contribution, collaboration and IP in a way that supports commercial product development and manufacture.
by Mark Power
With continual growth and constant shifting in the mobile space organisations could be forgiven for feeling a little lost as to how to best tackle the issue of delivering content and/or services that are optimised for mobile devices. There are application ecosystems seemingly everywhere you turn, Apple, Android, Blackberry, Windows Phone, each requiring different development approaches; SDKs, programming languages, approval processes and terms & conditions. It’s fair to say that for organisations, looking to deliver to mobile devices while being as inclusive as possible, this area is something of a minefield.
A viable, alternative approach is developing Mobile Apps using open web technologies and standards; technologies that continue to improve performance and offer more powerful functionality – as is now being talked about quite a bit on the topic of HTML5. This session will provide give an overview of the space and cover some of the key talking points.
Open source code can present significant risks to the original contributor, the maintainer and the user if the legal status of that code is not managed and tracked. The overhead in doing IP management and due diligence can be prohibitive. As a direct result of this open source foundations have emerged.
In this session a panel of experts will examine the need for these foundations. They will examine various foundation models designed to insulates developers and their employers from the "red tape" of open source software development by providing a legal framework and a set of documented processes for IP management. This allows developers to focus almost exclusively on building software using the Apache Way (a collaborative consensus based software development process).
In this session, Paul Fremantle, CTO and Co-Founder of WSO2, will explain the business benefits of cloud platforms, and look in detail about why Open Source is a key component of any cloud strategy. Paul will specifically address how companies, organisations and academic institutions can build a strategy for cloud adoption that addresses the realities of privacy issues, lock-in concerns and flexibility to move between clouds. In particular Paul will look at the relationship between Open Source and Cloud. We will also examine real-life examples of commercial Open Source usage such as projects at eBay.
Aimed at IT managers, project managers, IT decision makers and department leaders, Paul's talk will focus on real-world concerns and issues with cloud and open source.
by Paul Walk
Software developers are often regarded within large organizations as undifferentiated 'resources' to be called on to make computers work. This can be apparent from the conditions offered to them - whether it is a lack of opportunities for staff development or career progression, or unsuitable physical working environments. However, developers frequently have creative and analytical skills that are under-utilized. Paul will describe the DevCSI project, which represents a concerted effort to raise the profile of developers in one particular sector - Higher Education - through creating opportunities for developers to network, collaborate and showcase their work. The goal of this talk is to prove how developers have more significant value to offer organizations than is often supposed, and to demonstrate that the developers who are encouraged to participate in wider communities are more valuable to the organization as a result. The lessons being learned in this sector are applicable to other sectors, as is demonstrated by the growing interest in our work from commercial developers.
by Eben Upton
The Raspberry Pi foundation exists to develop, manufacture and distribute an ultra-low-cost and tiny footprint computer (target is $25), for use in teaching computer programming to children. It is expected that this computer will have many other applications both in the developed and the developing world. Without open source software this kind of innovation would simply not be possible. In this session Eben Upton will describe the role open source has in the creation of this computer and the subsequent ecosystem that will build applications for it. Most importantly he will describe how you can benefit from and contribute to the work of the foundation.
by Amanda Brock
When engaging with open source organisations, lawyers and business people alike face a learning curve. Issues in the world of open source are different from a proprietary software deal. For both business people and their lawyers, there is not only the challenge of brining open source into a previously closed environment, but the difficulty of understanding why some of the contract issues may be different and how these are dealt with. From the lack of need for an escrow agreement where the code is public, to the obligation to comply with the licences in the code, contracting in the world of open source is much easier with a basic understanding of why there are differences and what these are.
In this session Amanda Brock, General Counsel for Canonical, will examine the concerns and rationales that drive these differences and will describe more measured strategies for managing the perceived risk. Amanda will explain and help create an understanding of the issues, to facilitate both business and legal advisers' careful management of service agreements (whether for development or support) relating to open source software use can ensure a company can successfully use open source software.
As a co-author of the FSFE's European Legal Network, Contract Risk Grid, Amanda will walk you through contract issues, terms and solutions.
by Nick Allott
The webinos project will define and deliver an Open Source Platform and software components for the Future Internet in the form of web runtime extensions, to enable web applications and services to be used and shared consistently and securely over a broad spectrum of converged and connected devices, including mobile, PC, home media (TV) and in-car units.
What is the real value that Open Source has brought to the economy? This is not a peregrine question. Since most of the current evaluation methods are based on assessing “sales”, that is direct monetization of OSS, we are currently missing from this view the large, mostly under-reported and underestimated aspect of open source use that is not “sold”, but for example is directly introduced through an internal work force, or in services, or embedded inside an infrastructure.
In this session Carlo Daffara will demonstrate that OSS provide cost reduction and increases in efficiency of at least 116B€, 31% of the European software and services market.
On the surface it would seem that the effort of collaboration on software results in reduced output. After all, decision making, consensus building and collective planning all take time. However, when managed well open source development can signficantly increase productivity as well as improve quality.
In this talk Sander van der Waal, Service Manager of OSS Watch will set out to demonstrate that this is the case. Along the way he will describe how to ensure collaboration is painless, productive, rewarding and even fun.
The open source paradigm is not confined to software projects and it's increasingly being used in support of the development and licensing of hardware. Open Source Hardware (OSHW) enjoys close linkage and a symbiotic relationship with open source software, its ecosystem is growing at a significant rate and with some predicting that the market could be worth $1 billion by 2015.
In this session Paul Downey and Andrew Back will provide an introduction to OSHW illustrated using a series of existing projects, from alarm clocks, 3D printers and the Arduino platform, through to cars and laptops. Explaining how open source techniques are being applied to hardware development and using Google's Accessory Development Kit (ADK) for Android as a case study. Through the combination of OSHW and open source software we will see that the potential for innovation is limited only by resources and expertise.
by Martin Michlmayr
Organisations across the globe are creating and distributing products that include open source software. To ensure compliance with the open source licenses, each company needs to evaluate exactly what open source licenses and copyrights are included – resulting in duplicated effort and redundancy. This talk will provide an overview of the Software Package Data Exchange (SPDX) specification. This specification provides a common format to share information about the open source licenses and copyrights that are included in any software package, with the goal of saving time and improving data accuracy. This talk will review the current status of the initiative; discuss the benefits to organizations using open source and share information
by Tariq Rashid
The much anticipated UK Government ICT Strategy 2011 strengthened its focus on open standards and open source to deliver better IT systems and drive value for money. The Coalition Agreement itself aims for a “level playing field” for opens source.
The policy on open source was launched in 2004, and relaunched in 2009. However the Government wants to further improve its use of open source technologies. To this end, an Open Source working group has led on efforts to understand barriers to wider open source adoption in Government, and to create an action plan to address these barriers.
Tariq Rashid, an architect from the Home Office, will explain why Government believes open source has value beyond simply cost free software. Open standards are key to encouraging a competitive market that works for the customer’s benefit, and open source is an important participant. Open source aligns with other Government priorities for SMEs and the Big Society.
The session will centre on the Government’s action plan to address barriers to open source adoption, targeting almost every step of the IT system lifecycle. Tariq will report on some early successes, and outline challenges ahead.
True to the open approach, you are encouraged to challenge, query and suggest new ideas for the action plan.
by Mark O'Neill
The distinctive name "skunkworks" originated during World War II when the P-80 Shooting Star was designed by Lockheed’s Advanced Development Projects Division in Burbank, California. Today a "skunkworks project" often operates with a high degree of autonomy and is unhampered by bureaucracy. It is typically developed by a small and loosely structured group of people who research and develop a project primarily for the sake of radical innovation. It might be surprising, therefore, to learn that the UK Government has created an IT Skunkworks.
The Government Skunkworks has been established to develop low-cost, fast and agile ICT solutions. It is a significant part of the Governments strategy for levelling the procurement playing field by providing a new channel for SMEs and entrepreneurs to participate in government ICT with new and innovative solutions. Skunkworks is working to develop an environment for SMEs to test their solutions to ensure compatibility within government’s future standardised cloud environment.
By adopting and agile methodology, actively working with SMEs and using open standards and open source technology the Governments skunkworks will bring the advantages of open development and open innovation to Government systems. In this special plenary session Mark O'Neill will discuss how and why the Government created a skunkworks environment.
by Julian Harty
Even large established closed source companies with extensive mission critical IT requirements are turning to open source. They are recognising that open collaboration provides their business advantages through community based processes that have wide ranging benefits such as reducing cost or enhancing innovation.
For example, eBay Inc. are a highly successful e-commerce company with a large scale online marketplace and related businesses. Now, eBay is starting to open up by releasing some of their mature internal projects to the wider community. At the same time the company is more actively engaging with the open source project communities that are a fundamental part of their IT infrastructure. This presentation explains why eBay are going open and explores key steps they are taking towards creating a culture of openness within their IT division
Open Source continues to show up in interesting places. Earlier this year the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announced it's intention to launch a software project aimed at providing better tracking and progress measures for all K-12 students in the US. Because the project is huge in scale and yet intended to be self-sustaining in 3-5 years, it is stipulated to be Open Source from it's inception. Learn how old dogs are learning (and teaching) new tricks in the US.
The mobile landscape has changed quite dramatically over the past few years, with the emergence of new mobile platforms and a significant shift toward open source in mobile technologies. What are the key economic drivers for this shift, and what are the lessons that can be learnt from the mobile industry's adoption of open source?
This talk will draw on Andrew's experiences as Open Source Manager for the LiMo Foundation. It will look at how and why open source has become commonplace in mobile platform development, and the advantages and pitfalls of using open source.
by Steve Lee
Nurturing a diverse community and keeping it healthy is at the heart of open development and is a requirement for effective open innovation. However, it is not always easy to spot and avoid problems before they cause damage. In the worst case key community members could leave, causing damage that can be hard to repair.
Anti-patterns are damaging or counter-productive practices or patterns of behaviour that are sometimes seen in communities. Many anti-patterns are born from the best of intentions, but result in a polar-opposite outcome. This talk explore's Dave Neary's collection of common anti-patterns and possible cures/treatments.
by Mark Taylor
Why the government wants to level the playing field for open source
by Rowan Wilson
There is an array of Open Source licences out there, each with subtle, but often important, differences. Understanding the appropriate licence for your project and knowing your responsibilities with respect to components you reuse is critical to the success of any project developing or reusing Open Source products. Furthermore in order for users to adopt and reuse your code you must be able to demonstrate that you have the necessary rights to distribute under the chosen license. This presentation will cover each of these aspects of IP management in an open source project.
The quickly changing landscape of mobile technologies, products and services requires a continuous adjustment of the business and development models built around them. The Symbian operating system is an excellent example of this need to constantly readjust. Symbian started life as a closed and proprietary software product built by PSION in the late 1980's. In 1998 Symbian Ltd. was formed, a joint venture between world leading mobile technology companies. In 2008 Nokia acquired Symbian Ltd and in 2009 created the Symbian Foundation. The Symbian code was fully open sourced in early 2010, whilst the Symbian Foundation closed its doors in late 2010. Today the code is available via a Nokia platform and its future is uncertain since Nokia have entered into a collaboration deal with Microsoft.
In this talk Stephen will examine why Symbian has moved from a single vendor closed model, through a closed collaborative model and on into an open collaborative model. Stephen will also look at some of the challenges facing mobile companies with respect to adopting an open innovation model, using the history of Symbian to illustrate some of the potential pitfalls for companies in this space.
by Julian Harty
The rapid development of mobile devices is putting powerful computing and communications power in the hands of consumers, but lack of universal design and accessibility considerations can leave people facing specific personal and environmental challenges without proper access. For example, few devices provide good support for people that are unable to use touch screens or keyboard which might be the case when operating machinery or some other physical restriction. However, open innovation between projects can help address these accessibility gaps by sharing alternative interface components. This talk explores various examples including an open source ebook reader whose accessibility features were enhanced by adopting the advances made in another open hardware project.
by Nick Burch
Why would a company want to share its intellectual property in the way that an open development model requires? When a succesful software company, such as Alfresco, releases the program code for it's products as open source there must be a solid business reason for doing so. What is that reason?
For Alfresco the decision has paid off. in 2010 CIO magazine named Alfresco as one of "Twenty Companies to Watch" while the companmnies customer list is impressive. In this session Nick Burch will look at the benefits sharing can bring. It will look at how the open development model has enabled Alfresco to reduce costs and increase innovation. This in turn as enabled the company to enter a market that was previously dominated by multi-billion £ organisations. Perhaps the most important lesson to be learned is that the sharing model is a critical part of this success of Alfresco's products, in this talk we will look at how other companies might be able to produce similar results.
Why would anyone buy a software company that makes 95% of its source code available for free on the Internet? In the traditional model of jealously guarded trade secrets, such a company would be worth nothing.
Yet, in October 2010, Adobe bought Day Software, a small Swiss company selling content management products which are extensively based on freely available and permissively licensed code from several Apache Software Foundation projects.
This demonstrates that the value does not lie in the bits: source code is worth nothing without the skills required to integrate, maintain and evolve it over its whole lifetime.
What's valuable is the team behind the code. Their collective experience in creating solid software together. Their experience in working with loosely-coupled teams of volunteers from around the globe. The know-how of those who are able to integrate the open source parts into a coherent product that can be sold, supported and maintained for a long time.
In this session, Bertrand Delacretaz explains why Day Software chose to base so much of its core software on open source projects, how open development brings value inside the company as well as outside of it, and how open source and open development help increase your team's value.
by Tony Hey
This talk will examine the implications of the current explosion of scientific data, the challenges of data-centric collaboration, and the need for new and more powerful tools to visualize and explore this data. We begin with a survey of some of the open source tools that Microsoft Research is creating in collaboration with the scientific community and are donating the Outercurve Foundation, an open source foundation supported by Microsoft. The combination of open tools and services with open data is leading to major opportunities for new ways of organizing and exploring data, and hold great promise for delivering scientific discoveries in new and exciting ways.
7th–8th September 2011